Érettségi Portál 2016

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Budapest

Beküldő: Látogató
Angol tételek

Beküldte: Jajecznik Judit

Budapest is the capital city of Hungary, which is located in the heart of Europe in the Carpathian Basin, covers an area of 93.000 square kilometres and has a population of 10 million. Most of the country is flat: two-thirds consist of the vast expanses of the Great and Small Hungarian Plains. Lake Balaton, which is the largest lake in Central Europe, is one of the most famous holiday resorts in Hungary.

Budapest lies on the two banks of the River Danube. Buda and Pest were two towns before 1873 when the two parts of the city and Óbuda were officially united. Nowadays Budapest is the political, economic, commercial and cultural centre of the country, and has a population of about 2 million. It is also one of the most important railway junctions in Europe. Budapest has 23 districts and it is the largest city of Hungary.

Most tourists come to Budapest the visit the following sights: Buda Caste with the Castle District including the Fishermen’s Bastion and Matthias Church, Gellért Hill, Margaret Island, Heroes’ Square, the Parliament, St. Stephen’s Basilica, The Opera House, Váci Street and the City Park. The most visited museums are the Hungarian National Museum, the National Gallery, the Aquincum and the Museum of Fine Arts.

In the Castle District there are three churches, six museums and many beautiful buildings, streets and squares. The Royal Palace of Buda was originally a castle from the 13th century, but it was rebuilt as a magnificent residence for the monarchy in the 19th century and now houses the National Gallery and the National Széchenyi Library. The Fishermen’s Bastion offers an excellent view of the city. Matthias Church is a 700 year-old gothic church on Castle Hill, where a lot of kings were crowned.

Margaret Island is located in the middle of the Danube. It is nearly two miles long and it is spacious park with its own spa. You can spend your free time here while you feel closer to the nature.

In Pest, the most important sight is Andrássy út. Under the Road runs continental Europe’s oldest Underground railway. One of the jewels of Andrássy út is the Hungarian State Opera House. Heroes’ Square is dominated by the Millenary Monument. To the side are the Museum of Fine Arts and the Art Gallery Budapest and the City Park opens out. The City Park is the largest open space in Budapest and you can find the zoo, the ice-rink and the Vajdahunyad Castle there.

The Parliament, which is the third largest Parliament building in the world, exhibits the Hungarian Crown Jewels. In Saint Stephen’s Basilica, the Holy Right Hand of the founder of Hungary, King Saint Stephen is on display. Váci Street is the most famous shopping area of Budapest.

Hungary’s most famous sights, besides Budapest and Lake Balaton, are Szentendre, the Caves of the Aggelek Karst, Hortobagy National Park, and the Old Village of Hollókő. Hungarian cuisine is also popular. You can taste typical Hungarian dishes like Goulash Soup, Jókai bean soup and Hortobágyi pancakes for example at Mátyás Pince.

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